I believe the Carb rules only apply to manufacturers who sell more than a minimum number of vehicles per year (20,000?) in California.The CARB rules explain the BMW i3 REX bizarre operating behavior, ie., tiny gas tank and no Hold mode. By agreeing to do this BMW qualified the 83 REX as a ZEV and gets the same number of credits as the battery only version of the i3.
Wonder why the article didn't mention Tesla?
This is an example of how overly complex regulations can be counterproductive. A minimalist regulation, i.e. 1 credit per 100 miles of zero emission range, would have resulted in more ZEVs on the road. The i3 Rex is crippled by it's tiny tank so it's sales have been tiny. If they had put a 9 gallon tank in like the Volt's they would have had a car with greater electric range than the Volt and with comparable overall range at no additional cost in either materials or weight (7 gallons of gas only weighs 42lbs, exactly the weight of a bag of kitty litter). The Volt averages about 79% electric (Voltstats), an i3 Rex would probably be in the high 80s except that hardly anybody buys them because they have such a limited range. Because of these regulations there will probably never be a Gen3 Volt. Imagine a VBolt, i.e. half Bolt with a Volt engine, that could do 120 miles on battery (1/2 Bolt range). That car would average well over 90% electric, probably 95%, because it could do 100% of it's local trips on battery. It would still be able to go anywhere so it's sales won't be limited by range anxiety. It will be a while before a 400 mile Bolt is possible but a 100 mile Volt could be built today, but these regulations will guarantee that it won't be. Even worse it will delay the electrification of big trucks where the biggest CO2 savings can be achieved. A Voltec Silverado would have orders of magnitude greater effect on greenhouse gas reductions than anything that is done with Volt/Bolt sized cars. But it might not be possible to build a Boltec Silverado with enough range that anyone will buy it until the late 2020s, a Voltec Silverado with Volt like range could be built today, but they won't if they don't get credit for it.I believe the Carb rules only apply to manufacturers who sell more than a minimum number of vehicles per year (20,000?) in California.
With those specs I'd have to consider it. Yes the i3 is ugly, so is the Bolt and the Prius has a face that even it's mother couldn't love. Given the limited options for EVs at the moment looks is something that I might be willing to overlook if the specs were overwhelmingly good. However there aren't any available EVs with overwhelming specs. The Bolt's range is simply to short to justify it's hideous appearance, there is no reason to even consider a Prius, what were they thinking with a 25 mile range? At least the Volt is good looking although it's not distinctive.It is also crippled by being one of the most butt-fugly cars on the road today. I wouldn't buy if it drove like a dream and had a 200 mile electric range plus a 20 gallon gas tank.
IMO, they are selling just enough Boltsto make it financially useful. (i.e. limited sales)Your Volt is a TZEV and you probably didn't even know: automakers-play-high-stakes-carb-game-to-earn-zero-emissions-vehicle-credits